Banks In Receivership

Key Legal Cases

CASES BY THE RECEIVER AGAINST SHAREHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS OF THE ERSTWHILE UNIBANK GHANA LIMITED
UNIBANK GHANA LIMITED (IN RECEIVERSHIP)
1. Nii Amanor Dodoo (suing as receiver of uniBank Ghana Ltd) v Dr Kwabena Duffuor & 16 Others


The Receiver commenced the suit on 4 September 2018 against 17 shareholders and directors of uniBank Ghana Limited (‘uniBank’) for the recovery of GH¢5.7 billion. The suit was struck out on 4 July 2019 as having been brought in the wrong capacity. A new case was filed on 9 July 2019 for the recovery of GH¢5.7 billion from some shareholders and directors. Aspects of the case that was struck out were referred to a sole arbitrator pursuant to an order of the court dated 17 May 2019 ordering the parties to go for arbitration on matters relating to the revocation of the licence of the Bank. The sole arbitrator made a ruling on the preliminary issue of the jurisdiction and competence of the tribunal and held that the tribunal did not have the jurisdiction to hear the matter due to the manner in which the arbitrator’s appointment was made. Following this ruling, the Defendants, filed an originating motion on notice before the High Court to determine the jurisdiction of the arbitral tribunal on 31 October 2019. The court in determining the matter, ordered both parties to return to arbitration even though the Plaintiff had appealed the earlier order for the parties to go to arbitration.

The 17 defendants in the old suit were as follows:

  1. Dr Kwabena Duffuor
  2. HODA Holding Limited
  3. HODA Properties Limited
  4. Integrated Properties Limited
  5. Alban Logistics Limited
  6. StarLife Assurance
  7. Bolton Portfolio Limited
  8. Dr. Kwabena Duffuor II
  9. Opoku-Gyamfi Boateng
  10. Prof. Newman Kwadwo-Kusi
  11. Owusu Ansah Awere
  12. Ekow Nyarko Dadzie-Dennis
  13. Clifford Duke Mettle**
  14. Boatemaa Kakra Duffuor-Nyarko
  15. Kofi Kyereh Darkwah
  16. Nana Boakye Asafu-Adjaye
  17. Alex Gaddiel Buabeng
** The court on 24 September 2018 granted the application by lawyers for the 13th Defendant (Clifford Duke Mettle) to remove him as a party to the case on the basis of misjoinder. This therefore brought the list of shareholders and directors sued by the Receiver to 16 persons.
 
This case is still ongoing
2. uniBank Ghana Limited (In Receivership) (under the receivership of Nii Amanor Dodoo) v. Dr. Kwabena Duffuor & 9 Others; Suit No. CM/RPC/1061/2019

The Receiver filed a new suit on 9 July 2019 in the name of uniBank Ghana Limited (in receivership) subsequent to the dismissal of the suit brought by the Receiver in the case of “Nii Amanor Dodoo (suing as receiver of uniBank Ghana Ltd) v Dr. Kwabena Duffuor & 16 Others”. The substance of the new suit, however, remains the same i.e. for the repayment of a GH¢5.7 billion debt owed by shareholders and directors of the defunct bank and for the preservation of assets acquired by the defendants through the unlawful use of uniBank’s funds, return and/or transfer of assets to the Receiver and the repayment of amounts owed by the shareholders, related and connected parties. Six defendants named in the previous case were excluded in order to focus the suit on directors and entities identified as centrally responsible for losses to the bank. The following were named as Defendants in this new suit;

  1. Dr Kwabena Duffuor
  2. HODA Holdings Ltd
  3. HODA Properties Ltd
  4. Integrated Properties Ltd
  5. Alban Logistics Ltd
  6. StarLife Assurance
  7. Bolton Portfolio Ltd
  8. Dr Kwabena Duffuor II
  9. Ekow Nyarko Dadzie-Dennis
  10. Boatemaa Kakra Duffuor-Nyarko
3. Horizon Royal Diamonds DMCC v Adewoye Olorunfemi Adetunji, Just Gold Limited & 10 Others


A lawsuit titled Horizon Royal Diamonds DMCC v Just Gold Limited & 10 Others was initiated in the Dubai Court of First Instance on 16 April 2019. Horizon Royal Diamonds DMCC, the Plaintiff, contends, in the suit, that the erstwhile uniBank failed to perform due diligence on Adewoye Olorunfemi Adetunji, the 1st Defendant and Just Gold Limited, the 2nd Defendant (of which the 1st Defendant is an executive director), prior to disbursing an amount of GH¢144.5 million (the Ghana Cedi equivalent of US$32.5 million) that was remitted by Horizon Royal Diamonds DMCC to Just Gold Limited on 4 February 2018. The remittance was credited to the bank account of the 2nd Defendant held with uniBank on 6 February 2018, out of which GH¢144.4 million was disbursed to various beneficiaries, including the 1st Defendant, between 7 and 13 February 2018 on the instructions of the 1st Defendant.

The remittance by Horizon Royal Diamonds DMCC to Just Gold Limited was made for the purchase of 2,500kg of gold from Ghana, that was to be exported from Ghana to Dubai under an agreement entered into between the Plaintiff and the 1st Defendant on 9 January 2018. The gold has to date not been supplied by Just Gold Limited.

The transfer and withdrawal of the funds occurred before uniBank was placed in Official Administration on 20 March 2018 and subsequently in Receivership on 1 August 2018. The Receiver was served with the writ of summons on 24 May 2019.

In a judgment delivered by the court on 28 September 2020, the Judge ruled that, uniBank was not liable to the Plaintiff’s claims as uniBank had not breached any applicable banking laws in Ghana. 


CASE BY THE RECEIVER AGAINST SHAREHOLDERS AND DIRECTORS OF THE ERSTWHILE THE BEIGE BANK LIMITED
THE BEIGE BANK LIMITED (IN RECEIVERSHIP)
The Beige Bank Ltd (In Receivership, under the Receivership of Nii Amanor Dodoo) Vs Michael Nyinaku & 12 ORS

The Receiver commenced a civil suit on 14 June 2019 against the former Chief Executive Officer, shareholder and affiliate companies of the defunct Beige Bank for the repayment of GH¢1.42 billion due the Bank. The suit sought an order from the court for the interim preservation of assets acquired by the defendants through the unlawful use of Beige Bank’s funds, return and/or transfer of all the assets listed in the documents attached to the suit to the Receiver and the repayment of amounts owed by the defendants. The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th 9th and 11th Defendants in the matter filed an application to strike out the writ on the basis that the Receiver did not have capacity to bring the action in his own name. On 30 July 2019, the court granted the application to strike out the action, holding that the Receiver did not institute the action properly by bringing it in his name.
The Beige Bank (in Receivership, under the Receivership of Nii Amanor Dodoo) refiled the Writ of Summons, Statement of Claim and application for an interim preservation order on 31 July 2019. The following, who were the same as in the earlier suit, were named as Defendants in this new suit;

  1. Michael Nyinaku
  2. Legacy Pensions Trust Limited
  3. Blue Limited
  4. Pillpoint Pharmacy Limited
  5. Wallnut Limited
  6. Beige Assur Limited
  7. Access Control Security Services Limited
  8. Beige Village Limited
  9. The Beige Group Limited
  10. BBS Logistics Limited
  11. BBS Trucks Limited
  12. Babbel Company Limited
  13. Beige Capital Asset Management Limited (BCAM)
Other Debt Recovery Cases

There are a little over a hundred cases that are pending before the law courts for the recovery of debts from various customers.

 A breakdown of the cases for each of the banks as at 30 September 2020 is as follows:

S/NBankNumber of Cases
1uniBank44
2Beige Bank01
3Royal Bank63
4Sovereign Bank03
Total111

Additional cases are being planned for recovery of debts through the legal system.